Bactericidal antibiotics inducement of disfunction in your cells

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Bactericidal antibiotics inducement of disfunction in your cells

Untreated samples (left image) show mitochondria with normal morphology, which are long and highly branched.

Ciprofloxacin-treated cells (10 μg/ml) (right image) had abnormally short and truncated mitochondria. The percentages of mitochondria with a short versus long aspect ratio and rounded versus branched form factor were measured for untreated and bactericidal antibiotic–treated cells.

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Immunomodulation by Bifidobacterium infantis 35624

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journal.pone.0062617.g001

Aiding in the digestion of foods, competes with pathogens, degrades mucin and promotes the differentiation of epithelial cells and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue.

In addition, the composition and metabolic activity of the microbiota has profound effects on proinflammatory activity and the induction of immune tolerance by influencing a broad range of mucosal cell types including epithelial cells, dendritic cells, iNKT cells and T lymphocyte subset activity